WH Question Materials

Enjoy a free sample of my WH question materials that are evidence-based and no-print.

If you would like access to ALL my WH question materials (print, no-print, teaching guides, cue cards, flashcards, early intervention handouts and more...), please check out my AFFORDABLE membership program. 

WH Questions Background

Before we jump into the WH questions materials, let's review WH questions. 

WH questions refer to:

  • who
  • what
  • what happened
  • why
  • where
  • when
  • how

To answer WH questions, it takes a lot of different language skills. A person must:

  • understand the question word 
  • understand the grammar of the question
  • understand each vocabulary word (not just the question word)
  • makes sense of the information and the social context
  • formulate a response
  • put the words together (syntax & semantics)
  • give a response

This is A LOT of language skills!

So, if your client or child is having trouble answering WH questions, he/she may need to work on one or many of the skills listed above.

If you would like to read more about the background of WH questions, click here

Here I will focus on the question word and how to figure out how to answer it!

Current Evidence

I just completed a thorough research review to get some ideas on how to make evidence-based WH question materials and came up pretty empty! 

  • I started out my research review at ASHA and came up empty. 
  • I moved on to Informed SLP and found a few articles, but they didn't relate directly to my current clients. 
  • Then, I headed over to Pearson's Evidence Briefs and realized why my efforts were coming up fruitless.... there are only 4 research articles to date on this topic! Seriously! (I can feel your shock)

So, my best evidence comes from the articles I found at Informed SLP. They aren't perfect, but they are better than nothing!

The first article, Sanders, E. J., & Erickson, K. A. (2018). Wh - Question answering in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Communication Disorders, 76, 79–90. doi: 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2018.09.003:

  • It discussed therapy techniques to students with intellectual disabilities. 
  • The main take away was that visual supports don't help students. 
  • THIS WAS SHOCKING and made me re-think my therapy techniques (I rely on visuals as most of you do as well).

The second article, Blything, L. P., Hardie, A., & Cain, K. (2019). Question asking during reading comprehension instruction: A corpus study of how question type influences the linguistic complexity of primary school students’ responses. Reading Research Quarterly. doi: 10.1002/rrq.279:

  • I LOVED this article, and it rang true for me.
  • The main take away was that even though children with DLD may require "low challenge questions" (i.e., yes/no questions or questions with a choice),they may benefit from "high-challenge questions" (i.e., how and why).
  • I LOVE how "how" and "why" questions get us to "talk about our thinking." This is a therapy technique that I use ALL.THE.TIME and I'm excited to apply it here.

WH Questions - Materials

Based on the articles I read, I will

  • not throw out my visuals, I hope they do some good but I may need to rely on them less.
  • make materials that combine low and high challenge questions to teach children HOW to reach the right answer.

New WH Materials

  • Uses Google Slides (I am hooked on no-print and am not looking back)
  • Use images that contain both low and high challenge questions
  • Encourage client and therapist to thinking about thinking
  • Are drill based and functional at the same time!

Free Sample

If you would like a free sample of my WH Materials, please click the link below:

If you are a member of Speech Therapy Talk's Membership Site, please click this link to access the following materials:

  • Who
  • Where
  • Why
  • When
  • What Happened
  • Spring WH
  • Fall WH
  • Winter WH
  • Summer WH

To become a member (it is easy and affordable), click the link below



Bridget is an ASHA certified, practicing speech-language pathologist. She is passionate about providing parents with information on child speech and language development as well as provide functional, easy activities to do at home! Parents have the power to make a real difference. Follow Bridget at Facebook and Pinterest for more fun!

Author of  child language development eBook series


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