Fluency refers to the smoothness, rate, and effort of speech. Stuttering occurs when there is an interruption in fluency of speech.
The following are characteristics of stuttering (typical and less typical):
The frequency and severity of stuttering may fluctuate and depend on the speaking and social situation.
Stuttering tends to be more severe when there is an increased pressure to communicate.
The cause of stuttering is still a bit of a mystery. Currently, researchers believe, stuttering may be caused by:
Emotional problems and parenting styles DO NOT cause stuttering.
Many children who stutter will go outgrow it (about 75%) by the age of six. About 25% of children who stutter will have a persistent stutter that may last a lifetime.
The following are RISK factors for a persistent stutter:
Most children who stutter before the age of 6 will outgrow it, 75% to be exact. Some children will stutter as they develop language and that is normal. Some children go through periods of stuttering and that can be normal too. For tips on how to reduce stuttering, check out fluency enhancing techniques.
If a child is stuttering, there are speech, stuttering, and environmental modifications to try.
I HIGHLY suggest contacting a speech-language pathologist to create a tailored plan for your child and your family.
In the meantime, check out our stuttering treatment options to learn more about stuttering therapy.
Reference: Childhood Fluency Disorders. Retrieved 4 October 2017, from http://www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Childhood-Fluency-Disorders/