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To learn how to say the P sound we must know what each articulator (lips, tongue, teeth, breath, and voice) does.
Lips: Lips are slightly pressed together (enough not to let air escape but not too much where it feels unnatural)
Tongue: It is relaxed in a neutral position
Teeth: They are relaxed in a resting position
Jaw: The jaw is up and centered
Breath: /P/ is a plosive sound which means the breath bursts out of the mouth upon sound production
Voice: /P /is a not voiced sound which means the voice box is turned off
Please say P in front of a mirror and look and feel what all your muscles are doing. Once you have a good handle on how to say P, you can now better teach your child.
How to use this section:
I will introduce all cues that I find helpful. Please read and become familiar with each one. You will not use all of them. Instead, when you are ready to start practicing, you will try a few and figure out which ones are most helpful for your child. Most likely, you will use a combination of a few. Please refer back to this section as needed!
Speech therapists use a variety of cues during therapy including tactile (touch), verbal (words), and visual (visual models/mirrors) to elicit a correct sound production. Below are the most useful cues for P.
For visual cues to work, make sure your child is looking at you. I bring objects near my mouth or point to my mouth to bring a child's attention to my mouth.
Now that your know how to say P and what cues are helpful, head over to Teach P to start teaching and practicing!