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N is an earlier developing sound. Typically, children master N by 3 years of age.
Below is a brief explanation on what all the articulators (tongue, lips, teeth, jaw, breath, voice) must do to say /n/correctly.
Lips: Lips are in a neutral position (not rounded) with a slight gap
Tongue: The tongue tip presses against the alveolar ridge (the bumpy part on the roof of mouth behind the top teeth)
Teeth: They are relaxed in a resting position
Jaw: The jaw is up and centered
Breath: /N/ is a nasal sound which means the air escapes through the nose. Say /n/ while touching your nose. You should feel a vibration!
Voice: /N/ is a voiced sound so the voice box is turned on
Please say N in front of a mirror and look and feel what all your muscles are doing. Once you have a good handle on how to say N, you can now better teach your child.
How to use this section:
I will introduce all cues that I find helpful. Please read and become familiar with each one. You will not use all of them. Instead, when you are ready to start practicing, you will try a few and figure out which ones are most helpful for your child. Most likely, you will use a combination of a few. Please refer back to this section as needed!
Speech therapists use a variety of cues during therapy including tactile (touch), verbal (words), and visual (visual models/mirrors) to elicit a correct sound production. Below are the most useful cues for N.
For visual cues to work, make sure your child is looking at you. Point to my mouth to bring a child's attention there.
Now that your know how to say N and what cues are helpful, head over to Teach N to start teaching and practicing!