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Below is a brief explanation on what all the articulators (tongue, lips, teeth, jaw, breath, voice) must do to say /d/ correctly.
Lips: Lips are slightly open and in a slight smile.
Tongue: The tip of the tongue is pressed against the alveolar ridge (the "bumpy part" on the roof of the mouth behind the teeth). Say /d/ and feel where the tongue is located.
Teeth: Teeth have a VERY slight gap. Make sure the bottom teeth are behind the top teeth.
Jaw: The jaw must be up, centered, and stable. Some children move their jaw down or to one side and this can cause errors.
Breath: /D/ is a stop or plosive sound which means the breath bursts out of the mouth upon sound production.
Voice: /D/ is a voiced sound so the voice box is turned on. To know if your voice box is on, say /d/ while touching your throat. If you feel a "buzz," you are doing it right.
Please say D in front of a mirror a few times and look/feel what all your muscles are doing. Once you have a good handle on how to say D, you can teach your child!
How to use this section:
I will introduce all cues that I find helpful. Please read and become familiar with each one. You will not use all of them. Instead, when you are ready to start practicing, you will try a few and figure out which ones are most helpful for your child. Most likely, you will use a combination of a few. Please refer back to this section as needed!
Speech therapists use a variety of cues during therapy including tactile (touch), verbal (words), and visual (visual models/mirrors) to elicit a correct sound production. Below are the most useful cues for D.
*The verbal cues that you use will depend on your child's errors. Just use the ones that make sense!
Now that your know how to say D and what cues are helpful, head over to Teach D to start teaching and practicing!
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