Child Language
Who Questions

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By four years of age, a child should be able to answer “who” questions correctly. 

Grammar Review:

  • "Who" questions ask about people and/or animals.

This section is comprised of:

  • Drill Practice
  • Functional Grames

Drill Practice:

To initially teach a child how to answer “who” questions, begin with the flashcard activity.  The visuals (pictures) on the cards combined with the decreased distractions of daily life are very beneficial. However, don’t spend too much time here, maybe just a day or two.

Functional Games:

After initially teaching how to answer “who” questions, start to play one of the functional games. These games will help with generalization of progress made to conversational speech. 

Who Questions Games

1. Drill Practice

Needed Materials:

Who Question Flashcards

How To Use Cards:

  1. Print the cards or pull them up on some sort of device (computer, tablet, iPad, etc…)
  2. Sit down at a table with your child and get out the cards.
  3. First, ask the question “who is this?” while pointing to the card.  Then, answer your own question. Have your child repeat your answer. Do this for a few rounds so your child starts to learn to answer "who" questions with a person or animal.   
  4. Once, your child has learned the pattern, point to a card and ask your child “who is this?” and wait for a response. If your child answers it correctly, say good job and move on to the next card. If your child makes a mistake, simply correct the mistake and have him or her repeat it and then move on. 

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2. Reading

What You Need: 

A children’s book which contains a few different characters

How To Play: 

Sit down and read with your child. It is important to pick a story that your child already knows well. This way he/she doesn’t have to learn the name of the characters and learn how to answer “who” questions at the same time. 

When you get to a page with a character say “who is this?” or “who is riding the bike?” Of course, the questions will vary depending on the story. Wait for a response. If your child says the correct answer, praise him/her and keep reading. 

If your child doesn’t know how to answer or says the wrong answer, point to the picture and repeat the question. If he/she still doesn’t know how to answer it, say the answer and ask him/her to repeat it. 


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3. House/Farm

What You Need: 

A play structure or just little people/animals

How To Play:  

Get out the people or animals and start playing. While your child is playing, start asking simple “who” questions such as: 

  • “Who is that?” while pointing to a person or animal

This type of “who” question is a bit obvious since the answer is a bit obvious! Once your child is good at answering this question move on to the next step.

Have two characters do something such as:

  • Having a cow drink from a bowl 
  • Having a chicken take a nap in the barn

Show your child what you are doing and then ask a “who” question such as:

  • “Who is sleeping?”
  • “Who is drinking?”

Easy and fun to do!

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4. Meal Time Fun!

While eating, periodically ask your child a “who” question. This game happens very naturally during conversation. Additionally, it is really easy to do and doesn’t require any extra work.

Some sample questions:

  • Who is eating____(insert food)?
  • Who is drinking water?
  • Who is at the table? 


Adults tend to answer questions quickly; however, toddlers sometimes need extra response time. Make sure to give your child a chance to respond.

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› Who Questions


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