Language Development: Toddlers 2-3 Years Old


This year if full of language growth, both receptively and expressively. With the games listed below, you can easily target your child’s speech and language development through daily interactions. You don't have to  add any more to your plate :)

Introduction Language Development

Before we jump into techniques, it is important to learn the basics of language development. Knowing the theory is crucial when practicing language skills with your child. 

If this is your first visit, please read the background information now!

Speech and Language Development Milestones

Before you get started, review the speech and language milestones for children 2-3 years old.

If you want a checklist to print and keep track of progress, please clink on the link: Toddler 2-3 Years Old Speech and Language Milestone Checklist. Otherwise, review the chart below. 

Speech & Language Milestones: 2-3 Years

Expressive Language

Receptive Language

Articulation

  • Uses about 200-300 words consistently 
  • Speaks with 3+ word phrases 
  • Uses articles: a, the
  • Uses present progressive, -ing: running 
  • Uses negative words: no cookie 
  • Time concepts emerging: tomorrow 
  • Uses words to get attention 
  • Understands 500 words 
  • Follows 2-step directions 
  • Knows simple concepts: big, little, in, out 
  • Understand contrasting concepts: up vs down 
  • 75% intelligible to unfamiliar listeners 



Toddler Language Learning Techniques
2-3 Years Old

Articulation: Speech Skills

The sounds below should be mastered by three years of age. This includes saying the sounds correctly in the beginning, middle, and end of words. 

Click below on a sound to get started!

B

P

M

N

W


Vocabulary Expansion: Repeat-Expand-Repeat

Easily expand your child's vocabulary and sentence length with our Repeat-Expand-Repeat technique. This technique can be used ALL DAY LONG when talking with your child. 

Repeat-Expand-Repeat

How to perform this technique:

  • Child says a word
  • Parent repeats their child’s utterance
  • Parent then expands on the utterance by adding one or two words to the original utterance
  • Parent waits to see if their child will repeat the expanded phrase
  • Whether the child repeats the phrase or not, parent repeats the expanded phrase

It is that simple. Click on the link below to get practicing:


Following Directions

Following directions is an important skill for learning in the classroom and navigating through life. 

In order to follow directions, a child must have a solid vocabulary base. If the child has no idea what you are saying, how is he or she suppose to follow the direction :). So, first things first, focus on quality vocabulary development. For tips on what to do and what not to do at this age...click below

Next, it is important to consider some tricky "direction" words that usually occur in 2 step directions such as "first," "then," "next," "before," and "after." Your child is too young to be taught these words directly. Instead, practice this skill during fun games. Click below and discover some new ideas.


Concepts

Learning basic language concepts is very important for both receptive and expressive language growth. Understanding of language concepts are needed to follow directions, share ideas, understand tell stories, and more! The fantastic news is that these early developing language concepts can be directly taught through play. 

This chapter is divided into 2 main sections:

Note - Even if your child knows these concepts, play the games anyway! These games also expose your child to new vocabulary as well as practice following directions. 

Grammar Time

Your darling child will start to use some more complex grammatical structures this year. The grammar structures can be easily targeted during play or daily activities. For extra drill practice, I am attaching some flashcards. Occasionally, this is needed for learning grammar.



› Toddlers 2-3 Years