Speech therapists are truly experts in all areas of communication; and therefore, work with a variety of communication disorders. Below is a brief list of different sub categories.
These categories include any mode of communication.
Read below for a brief overview of the most common disorders.
Speech abilities refer to how we pronounce words. Speech disorders are very common, especially among young children. There are many different types of speech disorders.
See communication disorder: speech disorders for more information.
Language abilities refer to how we understand information and express ourselves. Language disorders present differently from one person to another.
See communication disorders: language disorders for more information.
Speech & language disorders often impact reading and writing abilities. Reading and writing skills are built upon expressive and receptive language. For example, If a child has difficulty with oral grammar, that difficulty is often reflected in their writing.
Also, reading and writing are two very important areas of communication that affect academic learning.
Our hearing is directly related to our speech and language development! If we are not hearing properly, our speech does not develop properly. Additionally, children with an unidentified hearing loss are often missing important language information.
If you have any concerns about yourself or your child, contact an audiologist for a hearing test.
Voice disorders are commonly caused by trauma to our vocal cords. Voice disorders may also be neurologically based (no physical trauma). Common symptoms of a voice disorder are hoarseness, breathiness, scratchy voice, pain, and/or loss of voice.
If you have any concerns, contact an ENT and a speech pathologist for an evaluation.
Processing disorders can be broken down even further into language processing disorders and auditory processing disorders.
Language Processing Disorders: People with a language processing disorder have trouble attaching meaning to the words they hear. This can have a significant impact on all aspects of language learning. (This is a complicated yet VERY important subject. I will write an entire page on this soon. Stay tuned!)
Central Auditory Processing Disorders (CAPD): This is a slightly controversial disorder which in my opinion is OVER used. A true auditory processing disorder is a deficit within the central nervous system. A person with CAPD can hear sounds (no hearing impairment) but their brain does not interpret the sounds correctly. An audiologist must diagnosis this disorder.