By four years of age, a child should be able to answer WH questions such as “who,” “what,” and “where.” This page will focus on “where.”
For a quick grammar review, "where" questions ask about location. For example:
To initially teach a child how to answer “where” questions, I begin with flashcards. The pictures are very beneficial to a child's learning. However, I recommended moving quickly to games listed below since these activities will help with carry-over of progress to conversational speech.
What You Need: Where Question Flashcards
How To Use Cards:
1. Print the cards or pull them up on some sort of device (computer, tablet, iPad, etc…)
2. Sit down at a table with your child and get out/pull up the cards.
3. First, ask a question on a card and then answer your own question. Have your child repeat your answer. Do this for a few rounds so your child starts to learn to answer the questions with a place/location.
4. Once, your child has learned the pattern, ask him/her a question and wait for a response. If your child answers it correctly, say good job and move on to the next one. If your child makes a mistake, provide the correct answer and explain why.
5. My recommendation is to repeat this task a few times in a row for about a week or so. Once your child seems to be getting it, move on to the games below.
What You Need: A book your child knows well
How To Play: Sit down and read with your child. It is important to pick a story that your child already knows. This way he/she doesn’t have to learn new vocabulary and learn how to answer “where” questions at the same time. It is important to focus on one skill at a time :)
When a character enters a new a location, ask your child “where is ____(name of character) now?” Wait for a response. If your child says the correct answer, praise him/her and keep reading.
If your child doesn’t know how to answer the question or says the wrong answer, point to a picture (if possible) and repeat the question. If he/she still doesn’t know how to answer, say the answer and ask him/her to repeat it.
Tip: Don’t ask too many questions while reading. Just a few each night will suffice!
What You Need: A car or somewhere to walk
How To Play: When a family drives in a car, they are going somewhere! Let’s use this fact to our advantage. When driving, ask your child a question…”where are we going?” It is very simple!
There are more creative ways to play this game; however, they may be suitable for older children! Try it out and see!
While driving or walking, point out another person in a car and ask:
Ask a question and wait for a response. If your child makes a mistake, point out the correct answer and explain why.
Tip: Make these questions as natural as possible! Avoid every conversation sounding like a quiz.